Sailing Ship: Preussen - 5 Mast Steel Ship

ID: 86


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Very well made diorama in a 10 liter bottle featuring the ship Preussen sailing past a village sitting on a cliff. The sea is choppy with numerous whitecaps. The ship has 5 masts and 47 sails. Wonderfully rigged with multiple shroud lines and multiple beads used as blocks. The deck railing around the bow and stern as well as a railed wooden walkway from the bow to the stern of the ship. There are multiple hatches, cabins, and other deck details. The village has a church, 7 houses and 8 large trees and two shrubs. The bottle is sealed with a cork, red sealing was and an anchor imprint. This is a very heavy model. Preussen Ship (5m). L/B/D: 407.8 × 53.6 × 27.1 (124.3m × 16.3m × 8.3m). Tons: 5,081 grt. Hull: steel. Comp.: 48. Built: J. C. Tecklenborg, Geestemünde, Germany; 1902. The second ship of the name built for Reederei F. Laeisz, Preussen (Prussia) was one of only four five-masted square-riggers, the only five-masted ship, and the largest ship without auxiliary engines ever to sail. (The only bigger square-riggers were the barks R. C. Rickmers and France.) Built for the nitrate trade between Europe and Chile, the Pride of Germany's 5 masts and 30 yards set 43 sails with a total area of 59,848 square feet. Although five-masted vessels could carry more cargo than four-masted ones, the ship rig offered little increase in speed over the bark, and because they required larger crews, these ships were definitely more expensive to man. Notwithstanding such relative economies, Preussen was a fast ship, especially under Captain Boye R. Petersen, her master from 1902 to 1909. Preussen sailed from Europe to Chile twelve times with average passages of sixty-five days; her thirteen returns were completed in seventy-three days on average. In 1903, she was a record fifty-five days from the English Channel to Iquique. Five years later, under charter to Standard Oil Company, she sailed from New York to Yokohama via the Cape of Good Hope, and in one eleven-day period she reeled off 3,019 miles, an average speed of over eleven knots. On November 7, 1910, outward bound to Chile under command of J. Heinrich H. Nissen, Preussen rammed SS Brighton. The cross-channel steamer was making seventeen knots in foggy conditions; Preussen was logging four knots. As Brighton turned to cross in front of Preussen, the ship's bowsprit sheered off one of the steamer's two funnels and ripped a hole in the steamer's hull. With her bows stove in, Preussen was taken in tow by the steam tug Alert. Eighteen miles from Dover, Nissen tried to anchor in the lee of Dungeness, but the ship's anchor chains parted in a squall and Nissen was forced to run for Dover. Standing into Dover escorted by three tugs?Alert, Albatross, and John Bull?Preussen's top hamper created so much windage that the tow lines parted. Setting sail in an effort to back out of the shallows, Preussen's bow snagged on a reef in Crab Bay. All attempts to free the huge five-master failed, and the ship ended her days where she lay. (Laeisz's first Preussen, a steel ship of 1891, had been renamed Posen when this ship was built. Outward bound with a cargo of gunpowder, she exploded and burned in the South Atlantic on October 14, 1909.) Rohrbach, et al., FL: A Century and a Quarter of Reederei F. Laeisz.

Made in: Germany

Bottle Size: 15 3/4" x 8 1/2"

Type of Bottle: Unidentified 10 liter

Condition: Excellent

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